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National Transport
German Traffic Signs & Signals (Page 2 of 2)

This page last updated December 30, 2016

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Parking signs

In this section are all signs related to parking, both prohibition signs against parking as well as signs indicating where parking is allowed.

Sign 283 Sign 286 Sign 290 Sign 292
No stopping
Stopping or standing on the roadway on the same side where this sign is posted is prohibited
No parking
Prohibits leaving your vehicle or otherwise stopping on the roadway on the same side where this sign is posted for more than 3 minutes except for passenger boarding/discharging and loading/unloading
Parking restriction zone
Posted at entrances to a neighborhood or area where parking is prohibited on all streets in the area until the "End of parking restriction zone" sign is reached
End of parking restriction zone
 

Sign 283.20 Sign 283.30 Sign 283.10
No stopping (end)
This sign marks the end of a no stopping area (i.e. no stopping prior to this sign
on the same side of the street where it is posted)
No stopping
Stopping or standing on the roadway is prohibited in either direction on the same side where this sign is posted
No stopping (start)
This sign marks the beginning of a no stopping area (i.e. no stopping beyond this sign
on the same side of the street where it is posted)

Sign 286.20 Sign 286.30 Sign 286.10
No parking (end)
This sign marks the end of a no parking area 
(i.e. no parking prior to this sign on the same side of the street where it is posted)
No parking
Parking on the roadway is 
prohibited in either direction on the same side where this sign is posted
No parking (start)
This sign marks the beginning of a no parking area 
(i.e. no parking beyond this sign on the same side of the street where it is posted)

SIDEBAR: Understanding parking sign arrows

Sign 283
Sign 286
Sign 229
No stopping on shoulder
 
No parking on shoulder
 
Taxi stand
This area is reserved for taxis only-- other vehicles may not stop here; the supplemental sign indicates the number of taxis allowed to wait here

Sign 314 Sign 314.1 Sign 314.2
Parking area
Marks an area where parking is permitted; also used to give directions to parking areas
Parking management zone
(New)
Posted at entrances to a neighborhood or area where parking is permitted on all streets in the area with the use of a parking disc or voucher as indicated by a supplemental sign; effective until the "End of parking management zone sign" is reached
 
End of parking management zone
(New)

Sign 318 Sign 314
Parking garage
 
Indexed parking facility
Marks or gives directions to a numbered parking facility (e.g. parking lot #8)

Sign 314
Sign 1040.32
Sign 314
Sign 1044.10
Sign 314
Sign 1010.12
Sign 314
Sign 1010.13
Restricted parking
You must use a parking disc to park here and you may only park for the length of time indicated
Restricted parking
You may park here only if you have an official handicapped permit
Special parking
Parking for vehicles with trailers allowed; vehicles may remain parked for longer than 14 days
Special parking
Parking for travel trailers allowed; vehicles may remain parked for longer than 14 days

Sign 314.20 Sign 314.10
Sign 314
Sign 314
Parking area (end)
This sign marks the end of a parking area
Parking area (start)
This sign marks the start of a parking area
Directions to parking
 

Sign 315.55Sign 315.50 Sign 315.65Sign 315.60
Parking on sidewalk allowed
This sign indicates that parallel parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street is permitted on the right or left side of the street respectively
Parking on sidewalk allowed
This sign indicates that parallel parking completely on the sidewalk is permitted on the right or left side of the street respectively

Sign 315.75Sign 315.70 Sign 315.85Sign 315.80
Parking on sidewalk allowed
This sign indicates that perpendicular parking half on the sidewalk and half in the street is permitted on the right or left side of the street respectively
Parking on sidewalk allowed
This sign indicates that perpendicular parking completely on the sidewalk is permitted on the right or left side of the street respectively

Hiker's parking
Hiker's parking
(Deprecated)
Indicates an area where you may park and hike a circuit trail
Park & ride
Indicates a facility where you may park your vehicle and transfer to public transportation
 

Service signs

Below are signs that are used to give directions to motorist services on or near the road.  These signs are especially used along the Autobahn.  Service signs are a symbol in a white field on a blue square or rectangle.


Sign 361
Sign 361.51 Sign 365.53 Sign 365.54
Filling station Filling station w/ unleaded gasoline
(Obsolete prior to 2009)
This sign is now obsolete as all stations have unleaded fuel, but it may still appear on older signs
Filling station w/ liquefied petroleum gas Filling station w/ compressed natural gas


Restaurant
Snack bar
Hotel

Auto repair shop
Restaurant
(Deprecated)
Snack bar 
(Deprecated)
Hotel
(Deprecated)
Auto repair shop
(Deprecated)

Sign 360.50 Sign 360.51Sign 360.51b
Telephone Emergency telephone 

Restrooms/toilets First aid station Police station

Tourist information Traffic information radio
This sign shows the name and frequency of a radio station giving local traffic information; the letter at the bottom indicates the traffic reporting region that the station covers
Campground
 

Information and guide signs

Below are signs that give directions or other information.

Sign 310 Sign 311.50 Sign 311.51 Sign 385
Entering urban area
Posted at the entrance to a built-up area and indicates that the 50 km/h speed limit and other urban traffic regulations begins
Leaving urban area
This is usually the backside of the "Entering town area sign" and indicates the end of urban traffic regulations and the return to the 100 km/h rural speed limit; the top section shows the distance to the next town
Leaving urban area
Same as the sign to the left except that the white top section indicates that the next town is in the same municipality as the one you are leaving
Place name
Marks small towns that do not require the "Entering urban area" sign; this sign is also used occasionally to mark other places of interest

Sign 386.50 Sign 386.51 Sign 386.52 Sign 386.53
Tourist destination
Used to give directions to tourist attractions
Tourist route
Marks one of the several designated tourist roads
Scenic area
Denotes a scenic or tourist area along or near the Autobahn
River name
Shows the name of the river the road is crossing

Sign 401 Sign 405 Sign 410
Federal Highway route number Autobahn route number European route number

Sign 415 Direction sign Sign 418 Direction sign
Federal Highway direction marker
Shows the direction and distance to major destinations; posted at the crossroads
Federal Highway direction marker
(Deprecated)
Alternate form of the sign to the left
Secondary road direction marker
Shows the direction and distance to major destinations; posted at the crossroads
Secondary road direction marker
(Deprecated)
Alternate form of the sign to the left

Sign 419 Sign 432
Secondary road direction marker
Shows the direction to minor destinations
Local direction marker
Shows the direction to an important local destination
Direction to Autobahn
Shows the direction to a nearby Autobahn

Sign 438 Sign 439 Sign 434
Advance direction sign
Gives advance notice of directions at the upcoming intersection
Advance direction sign
Gives advance notice of directions and the lane configuration at the upcoming intersection
Consolidated direction sign
Shows route information for all directions from the intersection
Autobahn entrance direction sign
Shows route information for Autobahn entrance ramps ahead

Sign 442.11Sign 442.20Sign 442.32Sign 442.33
Sign 421.10
Sign 421.11
Sign 421.12
Routing for designated vehicles
Vehicle types shown on the sign must follow the route as indicated
Routing for designated vehicles
Vehicle types shown on the sign turn here

Sign 448 Sign 449 Sign 406 Sign 450Sign 451Sign 452
Autobahn interchange initial approach sign
Placed 1000 meters before Autobahn exits and 2000 meters before Autobahn crossings and shows the type, number, and name of the interchange; the symbol denotes the type of interchange:
Autobahn exit
Exit
  Autobahn junction
Crossing
 Autobahn interchange advance directional sign
Located 500 meters before Autobahn exits and at both 1000 meters and 500 meters before Autobahn crossings; shows a schematic of the interchange and lists additional destinations
 Autobahn interchange number
 
 Autobahn interchange countdown markers
Located at 300 meters (three stripes), 200 meters (two stripes), and 100 meters (one stripe) before the interchange; the interchange number sign is typically mounted above the 300 meter marker

Sign 332.20 Sign 332.21 Sign 332.22 Sign 333
Autobahn exit
This sign is placed just prior to the exit; it is sometimes placed in the center median
Expressway exit
 
Expressway exit
Shows an exit for local destinations
Exit
Marks an exit ramp from the Autobahn or expressway

Sign 448.1 Sign 453
Truck stop
This sign indicates that there is an off-Autobahn truck stop at the indicated exit with fuel, food, and other services; pictograms indicating the available services often accompany this sign
Autobahn distance board
Placed after most entrances and lists the distance to major cities along the route; distances to major destinations via intersecting Autobahns are listed at the bottom with the corresponding route number

Sign 456 Sign 454 Sign 455 Sign 459 Sign 455.2
Detour approach
Indicates that a detour/diversion is about to start; often accompanied by a supplemental sign indicating the distance to the start of the detour
Detour direction sign
 
Numbered detour route
Used where there are multiple detour routes in effect; follow the same-numbered route
End of detour

Sign 460 Sign 466 Sign 467 Sign 467.2
Provisional detour
These signs mark pre-posted detour routes for use in the event that an Autobahn must be closed or as an optional route to bypass congestion; follow the same-numbered route to return to the next Autobahn entrance
Provisional detour schematic
Used to direct Autobahn traffic to the next sequential provisional detour route when traffic cannot return to the Autobahn at the next entrance
Alternate route
Indicates a recommended alternate route on the Autobahn system for specific vehicles or destinations in order to avoid congestion
End of alternate route
(New)

Sign 468.10Sign 468.11
Detour route schematic
Indicates that the road ahead is closed and graphically shows the detour route (e.g. turn left in 80 meters and follow the road to B-Dorf and A-Dorf)
Routing schematic for designated vehicles
Indicates that the specified vehicle type is prohibited ahead and indicates that there's a posted detour route (e.g. no hazardous vehicles ahead, so follow the posted route 80 meters ahead on the left)
Complicated traffic route
Shows special routing required to go in the direction indicated (e.g. there's no left turn ahead, so follow the route shown instead)

Sign 357 Sign 357
Sign 1010.10
Sign 357.5 Sign 354
Dead end street
 
Dead end street
Children are allowed to play in the street
Dead end street
(New)
However, there is a through path for pedestrians and bicycles
Water protection area
Posted in environmentally sensitive areas; reminds drivers of vehicles carrying water-hazardous cargo to be extra careful

Sign 224.50 Sign 224.51
Sign 1042.36
Sign 355.10 Sign 355.11
Bus or streetcar stop
Parking within 15 meters of this sign is prohibited; do not pass streetcars stopped on the street to board or discharge passengers; yield to buses leaving the stop
School bus stop
Watch for children during the times indicated
Pedestrian underpass
(Deprecated)
Pedestrian bridge
(Deprecated)

Sign 393 Sign 392 Sign 391 Sign 390
National speed limits information
Posted at international borders and informs drivers of the general speed limits
Customs post
 
Toll road
Motorists using this road must pay a toll
Toll road
Vehicles over 3.5 tonnes must pay a toll to use this road

Sign 437 Sign 394 Lights on Lights off
Street name signs
These signs may be mounted on a pole or on the sides of a building
Streetlight does not stay on all night
Posted or painted on lamp posts that turn off during the night; if you park near this street lamp at night, you must leave your parking lights on; the time that the light turns off may be marked in the red area
Turn headlights on
Posted before tunnels to remind drivers to switch-on their headlights
Turn headlights off
Posted after tunnels to remind drivers to switch-off their headlights
 

Miscellaneous signs

Sign 620 Sign 620 Signs 605.10 and 605.20 Sign 605.40
Reflector guide posts
Posted every 50 meters along the roadside, left and right sides respectively
Reflector guide posts
Posted on the roadside at an intersection
Obstruction marker/Chanelizing device
This sign is posted on the edge of an object in or adjacent to the roadway, left and right sides respectively; also used as a chanelizing device in construction areas
Obstruction marker
This sign is posted on the edge of an object in or adjacent to the roadway which you may pass on either side

Signs 625.10 and 625.20 Sign 630 Sign 615 and 616
Curve markers
The chevrons point in the direction to travel
Parking hazard
Mounted on the back of vehicles and trailers that may slow or stop on roadways (i.e. maintenance vehicles)
Mobile lane closure board
Used in construction areas to temporarily close lanes; pass by on the side indicated
Barricade
 

NATO bridge sign
NATO bridge sign
NATO bridge sign
NATO bridge sign
NATO bridge sign
Sign 1701.01Sign 1701.02 Sign 1701.03 School bus
NATO military bridge classification signs
Posted near bridges and viaducts and indicates the safe load-carrying capacity of the bridge for military vehicles
Church services
Posted near the entrances to towns and lists scheduled Sunday church services; the gold church denotes Catholic Masses, the purple church denotes Protestant services, the green church denotes Pentecostal services
School bus
Mounted on the front and back of a vehicle that is carrying school children

Construction project signConstruction project signConstruction project sign
Construction project information
These signs are posted at the beginning of major construction zones
and give information about the project
 

Additional sign symbols

Here are some common additional symbols you may see on signs in Germany.

Airport Train station Car train Truck train

Ferry or harbor Hospital Roadside chapel Industrial district

Sports park Stadium Handicapped-accessible
restroom/toilet

Castle Museum War cemetery
 

Additional sign information

In the past two decades, electronic sign systems have been installed on Autobahns and expressways.  These signs are capable of displaying facsimiles of official traffic signs and carry the same authority as their static counterparts.  Common signs include speed limits and congestion warnings.  When mounted overhead, these signs have added flexibility as they can be used to assign speed limits to specific lanes or to display lane control information.  See the "Electronic signs" section on the Autobahn page for more details and examples.

In cities and towns, you will frequently come across convex mirrors mounted on high posts or on the sides of buildings next to the road.  These mirrors are provided to help drivers see around tight corners where the visibility is blocked by a building or other obstacle.


Sign vocabulary

Words are sometimes used on traffic signs, especially on supplemental signs.  Here is a rather complete list of vocabulary used on German traffic signs.

Abblendlicht - dipped (low-beam) headlights

Abstand halten - maintain following distance

Achtung! - attention!

Alle Richtungen - All directions

Allee - avenue

an geraden Tagen - on "even" days (i.e. Tue., Thur.)

an ungeraden Tagen - on "odd" days (i.e. Mon., Wed., Fri.)

an Sonn- und Feiertagen - on Sundays and holidays

Anfang - start, begin

Anlieger frei - residents and local traffic allowed

Anlieger bis Baustelle frei - residents and local traffic allowed as far as construction site

Anlieger oder Parken frei - residents, local traffic and parking allowed

Anwohner frei - residents allowed

auch - also

auf dem Seitenstreifen - on the shoulder

Ausfahrt - exit

Ausfahrt freihalten - keep driveway exit clear

Außer - except

Autobahn - freeway, superhighway

Autobahndreieck - Autobahn "triangle" (i.e. "T"-crossing)

Autobahnkreuz - Autobahn crossing/junction

Autogas - liquified propane gas

Autohof - truck stop


Bahnhof - railway station

Baustellen ausfahrt- construction site exit

Baustellenfahrzeuge frei - construction vehicles allowed

Behelfsausfahrt - auxilliary exit

bei Nässe - during wet conditions

bei Rot hier halten - stop here on red

besetzt - full, occupied (e.g. parking lot)

Betriebs- und Versorgungsdienst frei - service and maintenance vehicles allowed

Bewohner frei - residents allowed

bis Baustelle frei - allowed as far as construction site


Di - Tuesday

Do - Thursday

Durchgangsverkehr - through traffic

dürfen überholt werden - are allowed to be passed


Einbahnstraße - one way street

Einfahrt - entrance

Einfahrt freihalten - keep driveway entrance clear

einorden - get into lane, merge

Einsatzfahrzeuge frei - operations vehicles allowed

Elektrofahrzeuge - Electric cars

Elektrofahrzeuge während des Ladevorgangs frei - Electric cars allowed while recharging

Ende - end


Fährbenutzer frei - ferry users allowed

Fahrrad - bicycle

Fahrradstraße - bicycle path

Fahrschule - driving school (marked on vehicles operated by student drivers)

Feuergasse - fire lane

Flughafen - airport

Forstwirtschaftlicher Verkehr frei - forestry vehicles allowed

Fr - friday

frei - exempt, allowed (e.g. "Anlieger frei" = "Residents allowed"); also means "available" (i.e. parking spaces)

freihalten - keep clear

Frostschäden - frost/freeze damage

Fußgänger - pedestrian


Gasse - alley, lane

gebührenpflichtig - toll/fee required

Gefahr- danger

gesperrt - closed, blocked (e.g. "Straße gesperrt" = "road closed")

Glatteis - "black ice"

grüne Welle bei 60 km/h - all green signals ("green wave") at 60 km/h


h - o'clock (e.g. "8-16 h" = "8am - 4pm")

Hafengebiet; Schienenfahrzeuge haben Vorrang - harbor area; rail vehicles have right-of-way

Haltebucht - wayside/stopping area

Haltestelle - bus/tram stop

hier gilt die StVO - official traffic laws are in effect here (often posted at private parking lots)


Industriegebiet; Schienenfahrzeuge haben Vorrang - industrial area; rail vehicles have right-of-way


kein/keine - no (e.g. "Keine Mofas" = "no mopeds")

keine Wendemöglichkeit - no place to turn around (i.e. on dead-end street)

Kfz. - motor vehicle

Krankenfahrzeuge frei - ambulances allowed

Kreuzung - intersection

Kreuzung freihalten - keep intersection clear


Landwirtschaftlicher Verkehr frei - agricultural vehicles allowed

Land- und forstwirtschaftlicher Verkehr frei - agricultural and forestry vehicles only

Licht! - turn on your headlights (when entering a tunnel)

Licht? - turn off your headlights (when coming out of a tunnel)

Licht ausschalten - turn off headlights

Licht einschalten - turn on headlights

Lieferverkehr frei - delivery vehicles allowed

Linienverkehr frei - scheduled transit vehicles allowed

Lkw. - truck

Markierung fehlt - Road markings (striping) missing

Mi - Wednesday

mit Ausweis Nr. - with permit number

mit Parkausweis Nr. - with parking permit number

mit Parkschein - with parking voucher

Mo - Monday

Mofas - mopeds


Nebel - fog

Nebenstrecke - secondary route

Nothaltebucht - emergency stopping area

Notruf - emergency telephone

nur - only


Ölspur - watch for oil on lane


P + M - carpool parking

P + R - park and ride

Parkausweis - parking permit

Parken in gekennzeichenten Flächen 2 Std. - parking in marked spaces for 2 hours

Parken in gekennzeichenten Flächen erlaubt - parking in marked spaces allowed

Parken Sa und So erlaubt - parking permitted on Saturday and Sunday

Parkhaus - parking garage (above ground)

Parkplatz - parking place, lot

Parkscheibe - parking disc

Parkschein - parking voucher

Parkscheinautomat - parking voucher dispensing machine

Parkuhr - parking meter

Pkw. - passenger vehicle (car)

Polizei - police

Privatgrundstück: Wer hier parkt, wird kostenpflichtig abgeschleppt - Private property: Anyone parked here will be towed at their expense


Radfahrer absteigen - bicyclists dismount

Radweg - bicycle trail

Rasthaus - service area

Rasthof - service area

Raststätte - service area

Rauch - smoke

Reißverschluss erst in 200 m - "zipper" merge begins in 200 meters

Richtung - direction of travel

Rollsplitt - loose gravel/chippings


Sa - Saturday

Sackgasse - dead end, cul-de-sac

Schleudergefahr - skidding danger

Schnellstraße - expressway

Schule - school

Schulbus - school bus

Schulweg - school zone

Schülerlotse - school crossing guard

Seitenstreifen - Shoulder

Seitenstreifen nicht befahrbar - Do not drive on the shoulder

So - Sunday

Sperrgebiet - restricted area

Sperrung - closure

Spur - traffic lane

Spurrillen - lane grooves

Spurrinnen - lane grooves

Stadtmitte - downtown/city center

Standspur - Shoulder/breakdown lane

Stau - congestion/traffic jam

Straße - street

Straßenbahn - streetcar

Std. - hours (abbr. for "Stunden") (e.g. "2 Std." = "2 hours")

Straßenschäden - road damaged

Streugut - road sand/salt

Stunde - hour


Tankstelle - filling station

Tiefgarage - underground parking garage

Tollwut - rabies (used on signs to warn of a rabies outbreak area)


überholen - overtake, pass

Umleitung - detour/diversion

Unberechtigt parkende Fahrzeuge werden kostenpflichtig abgeschleppt - Improperly parked vehicles will be towed at their owner's expense

Unfall - accident


verboten - prohibited

Verkehr - traffic

Verkehrshelfer - school crossing guard

verschmutzte Fahrbahn - dirt/mud on road

Verkehrsführung geändert - traffic pattern has been changed

Vorfahrt - right-of-way/priority

Vorfahrt geändert - right-of-way has been changed

Vorfahrtstraße - priority road

Vorrang - right-of-way/priority

Vorsicht - caution


Wasserschutzgebiet - water protection area

Weg - way, lane

Werktags - workdays

Wildtollwut - rabies (used on signs to warn of a rabies outbreak area)


Zentrum - downtown/city center

Zufahrt bis XX frei - access permitted as far as XX (house number or other location)

Zuflussregelung - Ramp metered (i.e. traffic signal on entrance ramp)

   

SIGNALS

Traffic signals in Germany are the same red-yellow-green type found in the US and elsewhere.  Signals are usually located on same side of the intersection as the approaching traffic and are often mounted overhead as well as on the right and left sides of the road.  Signals generally operate the same as most other places, but there are a few idiosyncrasies.  Below are illustrations and descriptions of various signals and related signs that you will come across in Germany.  Items marked with <!> are especially important for US visitors.

Typical German traffic signals

Typical German traffic signals

G-Y-R-RY-G
Figure 1
Traffic signals in Germany use the same red, yellow, and green lights found in the US and elsewhere.  Red, of course, means STOP.  Green means PROCEED with caution, and yellow means PREPARE TO STOP.  In Germany, however, an extra indication is added: just before the light changes from red to green, the yellow signal comes on briefly in conjunction with the red.  This means PREPARE FOR GREEN and is helpful if you are driving a manual transmission to give you a bit of warning to get into gear.  Figure 1 (left) shows the signal cycle.

Some locations have partial signals consisting of just the red and yellow lamps as shown in Figure 2 (right).  These function just like regular traffic signals minus the green indication.  So, when the green light would normally be on, there is instead no signal.  If you come upon one of these signals showing yellow or red, obey it like you would any traffic signal.  Otherwise, ignore the signal and obey any other signs or signals, or in the absence of such, use the default right-of-way rules.  These types of signals are usually located at railway crossings.
Partial signal
Figure 2

Signals with arrows
Figure 3
Intersections in Germany often have signals controlling each permitted direction of travel, such as the examples in Figure 3 (left).  If a signal at an intersection has an arrow for the direction you want to travel, you must obey it.  If you don't see a signal with an arrow for the direction you want to go, then traveling that direction may not be permitted; be sure to look for signs.  A full green signal without any arrows (like in Figure 1 above) usually means you may travel straight ahead or make a right or left turn unless otherwise prohibited by signs.

In the case of left turns, the signal shown in Figure 4 (right) indicates a protected left turn.
Signal with green left arrow
Figure 4

<!> When the right-of-way for left turns changes from permitted to protected (or vice-versa), a different style of signal is used.  In this case, the left turn signal is located across the intersection on the left corner.  There are two varieties in use: a green-yellow combination, or a single green signal.  The combination signal consists of a flashing yellow arrow (Figure 5 below) or a solid green arrow (Figure 6).  The yellow flashing arrow shown in Figure 5 indicates a left turn is permitted but not protected-- use caution and yield to oncoming traffic.  When the green arrow is on, as shown in Figure 6, then the turn is protected.  In some cases, there is only the single green arrow signal (i.e. no flashing yellow arrow.)  Just as in the other cases, the green arrow indicates a protected left turn.  If the arrow is off, then obey the signals for through traffic and yield to oncoming traffic when turning left.
 
Flashing yellow left arrow
Figure 5
 
Green left arrow
Figure 6

Green signal Right turn pedestrian warning flasher
Figure 7
Always watch for and yield to pedestrians and cyclists when turning left or right.  Sometimes there will be a flashing yellow signal like the one shown in Figure 7 (left) adjacent to the other signals warning you that pedestrians crossing the intersecting street also have a green light.

<!>Right turns on red are not universally permitted in Germany.  However, such a turn is permitted at intersections with the green arrow sign shown in Figure 8 (right) but only after coming to a complete stop and yielding to all other traffic and pedestrians.  This is the only traffic law retained from the former East Germany and thus is still somewhat rarely found in the western states, although it is now being implemented more in many areas.
Red signal with green right arrow sign
Figure 8

Many intersections have special right turn signals.  These two-section signals consist of green and yellow arrows and are used to allow traffic to make a free right turn while the signal for through traffic is red.  So, if you encountered the signals in Figure 9 (below) and you wanted to turn right, you could do so without having to stop.  The cycles for these can vary depending on the phasing for the signals at the intersection; the two most common cycles are shown in Figure 10.  When the right turn signal is dark, you must obey the signals for through traffic.
 
Red signal with green right arrow signal
Figure 9
Red signal with green right arrow signal cycles
Figure 10

<!> A flashing yellow signal or a traffic signal that is completely dark indicates that the intersection is currently not being controlled by the signals.  Most traffic signals in Germany are switched off at night and sometimes on weekends as well.  Also, some pedestrian crossing signals turn themselves off after a period of inactivity.  To provide for traffic control in this situation, nearly all traffic signals also have right-of-way signs installed nearby, usually near the rightmost signal face.  Motorists must obey the signs when the signal is off or flashing.  So, if you encountered Figure 11 (below), you would have to yield.  If you encountered Figure 12, you would have the right-of-way.  The signs also provide regulation in the rare event of signal malfunction.  Where used, a flashing yellow almost always indicates that you must yield or stop.  However, you may have to stop or yield even if there is no flashing yellow-- watch for the signs.  There is no flashing red signal in Germany.  When the signals are off and you are required to stop, you do not need to stop at the stop line or sign; instead, you should stop at a location where you can safely see the traffic on the intersecting street.
 
Flashing yellow signal Sign 205
Figure 11
Dark signal Sign 306
Figure 12

<!> When the traffic signals are in operation, the signal takes precedence over the sign.  Therefore, if you encountered Figure 13 (below), you would have to stop.  In Figure 14, you could proceed without stopping.
 
Red signal Sign 306
Figure 13
Green signal Sign 206
Figure 14

Lane control signals are used in areas where reversible lanes are used, or in areas where lanes may need to be closed periodically.  They are also used in conjunction with the electronic sign systems found on the Autobahn and urban expressways to close lanes after accidents and during road work.  They are the same standard arrow and X symbols used in many other countries:
 
Green arrow down Yellow slant arrow leftYellow slant arrow right Red X
Lane open Lane closed ahead
Merge in the direction indicated
Lane closed
You may not drive in this lane
 

ROAD MARKINGS

Road pavement markings in Germany are generally similar to those in the US.  Unlike the US, however, all regular road markings in Germany are white, including those used to separate opposing traffic.  Yellow road markings are used in construction areas and supersede the regular white markings.  Below are diagrams and descriptions of most of the road markings you will encounter in Germany.  The light blue numbers on the diagrams correspond to the explanations.

 

Urban road markings

1 Stop line
You must stop behind the thick solid line across your lane.
2 Wait line
A thick broken line across your lane is the equivalent to a yield sign (and is often used in conjunction with it.)  If necessary, you must wait behind the broken line across your lane.
3 Priority road
A broken line passing through an intersection along the edge of one of the roadways indicates the path of the priority road.
4 Pedestrian crosswalk
Zebra-striped markings across the roadway mark a pedestrian crosswalk.  You must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in the crosswalk.
5 No stopping/parking zone
Zig-zag lines next to the curb mark a specific area (often near a near a bus stop or driveway) where you may not stop or park.
6 Numbers
Numbers on the pavement in your lane usually indicate the speed limit.  Often used during sudden drops in the speed limit for safety reasons.
7 Letters and numbers
A combination of letters and numbers on the pavement usually indicate route numbers.  These are frequently used at complicated intersections to guide motorists into the correct lane.  For instance, a marking such as "B27" indicates that the lane you are in follows the B27 highway.
8 Intersection arrows
Arrows on the pavement in your lane indicate which turns are allowed from your lane.
9 Restricted zone
You may not drive in an area with diagonal lines.

 

Rural road markings

10 No passing in one direction
You may pass only if you have a broken line on your side; you may not cross a solid line on your side to pass.
11 No passing
You may not cross the solid center line to pass.
12 Merge arrow
An arrow slanting toward the right in the center of the roadway warns passing traffic to merge to the right as a no passing zone is approaching.
13 Lane separation line
Short broken lines between opposing traffic lanes indicate that the passing zone is ending.
14 Lane separation line
Long broken lines between opposing traffic lanes indicate passing is allowed (unless prohibited by a sign).  This marking is also used to separate traffic lanes traveling in the same direction.

 

Autobahn road markings

15 Edge marking
A solid line along the side of the roadway marks the edge of the roadway or separates the travel lanes from the shoulder.
16 Lane separators
Long broken lines separate traffic lanes traveling in the same direction.
17 Acceleration/deceleration lane
Short, thick broken white lines separate a deceleration (exit) lane or acceleration (entrance) lane from the main traffic lanes.
18 Restricted zone
You may not drive in an area with diagonal lines.

Colored curb markings are not used in Germany. Head-in and parallel parking lines are obvious and similar to those used in the US.

On streets not signed as one-way, here are the default lane assignments based on the number of marked lanes on the street:

  • 2 lanes: The left lane is for oncoming traffic; the right lane is for traffic moving in your direction.

  • 3 lanes: The center lane is reserved for left turns only. You may not pass. The far left lane is for oncoming traffic; the far right lane is for traffic moving in your direction.

  • 4 lanes: The left two lanes are for oncoming traffic; the right two lanes are for traffic moving in your direction. These are usually separated by a single or double solid white line. Even if separated by a broken white line, you may not cross the center line to pass.

  • 5 lanes: Same as 4 lanes except that center lane is for left turns only. (Very rare.)

Odd lane arrangements or assignments are usually marked fairly obviously, either on the road surface or by signs.


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